Description

The PhD program is designed to give students a broad and deep understanding of materials. The specialized research oriented coursework and quality thesis will allow students to build their career in aerospace materials, nanotechnology, smart materials and coatings & tribology. The key objective of the PhD degree program in Materials Science & Engineering (MSE) is to impart rigorous training for undertaking challenges in innovative research which is publishable in globally benchmarked high quality journals and conferences. The graduate students are expected to study and collaborate with faculty members in an open dialogue oriented explorative atmosphere (mostly informal but intellectually rewarding) compared with a structured and defined curriculum of undergraduate study. Generally, faculty members conduct research in different specialities of MSE that allow student to choose a research topic from a spectrum of research fields and then excel in them under the individual supervision and guidance of a faculty member. The program is designed for full-time students who under ideal circumstances will complete the different phases of coursework, qualifying examinations, and doctoral dissertation, and publish their work in an ISI indexed journal in 4-5 years of uninterrupted study.

Admission requirement
  • 18 years of education in science and engineering field from any HEC recognized University/Institute;
  • Minimum Cumulative grade point average (CGPA) of 3.00 out of band 4.00 for the US based semester system in MS or 70% marks in case where CGPA is not available
  • One 2nd division / C-grade is allowed in entire academic career except in the terminal degree (MS/ME/M.Phil.)
  • Candidate must provide a valid score of more than 60 in GAT-Subject at the time of admission. In case candidate fulfill other major requirements of admission except valid GAT-Subject score, a maximum of 6 months are allowed to a PhD candidate for passing GAT-subject test and the candidate is provisionally enrolled in PhD till that time;
  • Candidates have GAT-Subject score of more than 60 in their field of specialization (Physics, Chemistry or engineering degree in Mechanical, Manufacturing, Chemical, Engineering Sciences and polymers) other than Materials Science and Engineering may be allowed for admission in PhD conditioned to they take some deficiency courses in Materials Science and Engineering;
  • The deficiency courses should be noncredit, approved by DBGS and Instructor shall be assigned in the academic management software (AMS).
  • Statement of purpose (intended research work during PhD) approved by departmental board of graduate studies (DBGS);
  • Giving a research presentation on the research topic proposed in the statement of purpose to DBGS and getting a satisfactory grade;
Course work and PhD candidacy
  1. Course work
    • Minimum 18 credit hours of course work must be undertaken with a CGPA of 3.00 out of band 4;
    • For MS leading to PhD program, students still need to pass 18 credit hours of course work over and above the MS course work with a CGPA of 3.0/4.0 before undertaking the PhD qualifying examination;
    • Migration/Transfer of the courses from other Universities/Institutes is allowed as per IST Migration/Transfer policy
    • The list of 6 PhD courses must have been approved by DBGS at the time of admission of a candidate and DBGS should have also assigned him a supervisor as per IST Policy in vogue.
  2. Qualifying test
    • Qualifying test is conducted after successful completion of the course work. The test comprises of 3-written papers and presentation/defense of synopsis
      • Three written papers will contribute 80% while presentation/defense of the synopsis will contribute 20% in total marks of the qualifying test.
      • Paper 1 covers the intellectual analytical abilities of the candidate and he must get at least 40% marks to pass the exam. Paper 1 weighs 15% in the qualifying test;
      • Paper 2 covers major research area and will contribute 45% in the qualifying test
      • Paper 3 covers allied subjects and will contribute 20% in the qualifying test
      • Student will present and defend his synopsis in an oral exam. This will contribute 20% in the qualifying test. The result of the oral exams is decided by the DBGS through a majority vote. The presentation can be graded only as High Distinction (HD: 80-100% marks), Distinction (D: 60-80% marks, Credit (C: 40-60% Marks), and Fail (F: 0-39% Marks). The final score will be computed by taking an average of the grades assigned by each DBGS member.
      • A Minimum of 60 % marks are required to pass the qualifying test with a minimum of 40% in each part of the test (papers 1, 2, 3 & the project presentation)
      • Students who fail in qualifying test will be allowed to reappear once in the test only.
Research Work
  • 24 credit hours of research work spanning over at least two years through continuous registration in  Thesis-I, Thesis-II, Thesis-III, and Thesis-IV of 6 credits each;
  • MS-leading to PhD candidates who disqualify PhD candidacy test or don’t want to proceed for PhD degree still need to submit thesis for a master degree requirement;
  • 2 research publication in a journal indexed by institute for scientific information (ISI) with at least 1 of them being in an Honorable Mention & above as defined in IST JQRS SOP. The publication topic should be relevant to the PhD specialization area of research.
Curriculum

The curriculum is designed to provide interdisciplinary training that combines advanced fabrication methods with the latest techniques in materials processing and engineering.  The choice of courses is tailored to the student's professional objectives and must meet the minimum requirements of the IST. The courses are selected and approved in consultation with the DBGS at the time of giving admission. Departures from the stated requirements are considered only in exceptional cases and must be approved by Graduate Studies and Research Council (GSRC). Research areas are numerous and include aerospace materials, nanotechnology, smart materials and coating & tribology. To fulfil the minimum requirement of 18 credit hours of course work, students have to take a mandatory course in aerospace materials and five other courses from the list of PhD courses approved by DBGS for each student. A course that is part of MS degree curriculum will not be made part of PhD coursework. Moreover, a student must pass a non-credit course of “Research Methodologies” if not already studied during the MS coursework.

  1. Mandatory courses
    • Advanced Aerospace Materials - 03
    • Advanced Topics in Materials Science and Engineering - 03
  2. Other courses
    • Phase transformation and kinetics - 03
    • Thermodynamics of materials - 03
    • Nanochemistry for nanoengineering - 03
    • Smart materials - 03
    • Advance manufacturing systems (mech.) - 03
    • Deformation and fracture of materials - 03
    • Advanced surface engineering & coatings - 03
    • Advanced composite materials - 03
    • Tribology and lubrication - 03
    • Surfaces and interfaces - 03
    • Advanced microscopy techniques - 03
    • Micro/nano systems and technologies - 03
    • Magnetic materials - 03
    • Advanced welding and joining - 03
    • Smart Polymers - 03
    • Biomaterials - 03
    • Chemical synthesis - 03
    • Mathematics for Materials Science - 03
    • Renewable energy (mech.) - 03
    • Mechanics of composites (mech.) - 03
    • Finite element methods (mech.) - 03
    • Structure, design and analysis (aero) - 03
    • Semiconductor materials  - 03
  3. PhD thesis - 24
PhD defense requirements
  • Dissertation recommended for defense by PhD supervisor
  • Dissertation recommended by the DBGS
  • Plagiarism check must be conducted on the thesis before sending for pre-defense
  • Dissertation recommended by Pre-defense committee after presentation; the committee must consist of at least 2 DBGS members (including the supervisor) and 2 subject experts from other local universities
  • Dissertation approved by two foreign experts in the relevant field from technologically advanced countries (see HEC guideline for the advanced countries list) who are active researchers (have published at least 1 ISI indexed impact factor paper in the last 3 years)
  • At least two ISI indexed accepted papers at the time of final defense and at least one  of them is Honorable Mention
  • An open defense of the thesis after positive feedback from foreign experts and local examiners of the defense committee
  • A viva meeting between candidate and evaluating committee to discuss corrections required in dissertation. The candidate will be informed about the outcome of defense.

$committee comprises of one internal (field experts in the department) and two external examiner (field expert in any other HEC recognised Institute).

PhD streams

PhD will be offered in the following specialisations:

  • Aerospace Materials
  • Nanotechnology
  • Smart Materials
  • Coatings and Tribology

Note: The elective course will be offered from the list subject to the availability of specialized field of faculty and the number of students interested in the course

Details of PhD Courses

Advanced Aerospace Materials (MSE 811)
Intensifying demands of properties of aerospace materials, Mission demands, New challenges, Increasing efficiencies and powers of engines, Metallic materials – classical alloys, smart materials, refractory metals, new trends, Ceramic materials – recent developments, New trends in polymeric materials, Development of various fiber materials for composites, New trends in composite materials, Advances in coatings for aerospace materials

Mathematics for Materials Science (HUM 821)
Algebra, Complex numbers, Complex e-function, Other complex functions, Vectors in N-dimensional space, Matrices, Square matrices and determinants, Systems of Linear Equations, Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors, Scalar and vector product, Hermite and unitary matrices with complex Components, Functions of one Variable, Derivatives and Integrals, Calculation rules of derivatives and integrals, Sequences and Series, Taylor series and their application, Linear Optimization, Fitting to an orthonormal set of functions, Functions as vectors, Schmidt's orthonormalization procedure, Fourier series,  Fourier-Transforms, Solution of DEQs by Fourier Transformation, Fourier Series vs. Fourier Transformation, Error function, Gamma function, Delta function, Functions of multiple variables, Partial derivatives / Derivatives in certain directions, Total Derivatives, Minimization problems, Simple N-dimensional integrals.

Nanochemistry for Nanoengineering (MSE 845)
Emergence of the fields, State of the Art and Challenges, Surface Science and Surface energy, Nanochemistry, Dimensionality and Materials, Nanosynthesis, Homogenous and Heterogeneous Nucleation, Sol-Gel-Synthesis, Forced hydrolysis, Solid state phase segregation, Kinetically confined synthesis, Seeding, Micelles and micro emulsion, Aerosol, Spray Pyrolysis, Microwave, Template-based synthesis, Carbon Fullerenes and Nanotubes, Micro and Mesoporous, Core-shell structures, Organic/Inorganic hybrids, Nanocomposite, Intercalation, Green Nanosynthesis, Nanopatterning, Self-assembly and self-organization, Capillary forces, Dispersion Interaction, Shear force assisted assembly, Electric field assisted assembly, Covalently linked assembly, Template assisted assembly, Green Nanopatterning, Nanoengineering

Phase Transformation and Kinetics (MSE 823)
Introduction, definitions, classification of phase transformations, Homogeneous nucleation theory, Transient nucleation, Heterogeneous nucleation theory, Nucleation in alloys, Spinodal decomposition, Interface controlled thermally activated growth, Diffusion controlled growth, Formal theory of transformation kinetics, Polymorphic, massive, and precipitation transformations, Kinetics of coarsening, Order-disorder transformations, Diffusionless transformations, Characteristics of martensitic transformations, Crystallography of martensitic transformations, Kinetics of martensitic transformations,  Shape memory alloys, Bainitic transformations, Amorphous materials; metallic glasses, Block co-polymers, semicrystalline polymers, Quasicrystalline materials, Nanocrystalline materials

Advanced Surface Engineering and Coating (MSE 861)
Philosophy of surface engineering, General Applications and Requirements, Principles and design of coatings, Physics of the plasma state and plasma surface interactions, Surface engineering as part of a manufacturing process, Integrating coating systems into the design process, Coating manufacturing processes, Electro deposition, Flame spraying, Plasma spray, Physical vapour deposition, Chemical vapour deposition, HIP surface treatments, Sol-gel coatings, Spin coating methods

Smart Materials (MSE 867)
Classification, Application Areas, Piezoelectric Materials, Piezoeffect, Piezoelectric Materials, Ferroelectricity, Fabrication, Applications, Magnetostrictive Materials, Magnetostriction, Cryogenic Materials, Rare Earth - Fe phases, Thin Film Materials,  Applications, Shape Memory Alloys, Shape Memory Effects, Superelasticity, TiNi - based materials, Shape Memory Thin Films, Applications, Multiferroic Materials,  Magnetic Shape Memory Materials, Magnetoelectric Composites

Advanced microscopy techniques (MSE 831)
Introduction to TEM and SEM, Hardware, Imaging, Diffraction, Spectroscopy, Electron crystallography, Theory of domain crystals, Advanced analytical techniques, Characterization of magnetic structure, EM in Materials Science, In situ observations, TEM on nanomaterials, Real structure and diffuse scattering, Crystal defects, Combined approach for structure analysis

Micro/Nano Systems Technology and Processes (MSE 856)
Introduction to micro- and nanosystems technology, Cleanroom technology, Optical and electron beam lithography, Thin film deposition: PECVD, sputtering, evaporation, pulse laser deposition, Wet and dry etching, Optical and scanning electron microscope inspection, MEMS materials, MEMS technologies, Doping of silicon, Micromechanical sensors, Piezoelectric transducers, Thermal sensors and actuators, MOEMS, MEMS packaging

Tribology and Lubrication (MSE 872)
Surface Topography, Physico-Chemical Aspects of Solid Surfaces, Surface Interactions, Mechanics of solid contacts, Elastic Contacts, Elastoplastic Contacts, Fracture, Friction, Laws of Friction, Mechanisms of Friction, Friction Space, Stiction, Stick Slip, Surface Temperature, Wear, Adhesive Wear, Delamination Wear, Fretting Wear, Abrasive Wear, Erosive Wear, Corrosive Wear, Mild and Severe Oxidational Wear, Melt Wear, Wear-Mechanism Maps, Lubrication, Boundary Lubrication, Solid-Film Lubrication, Mixed Lubrication, Hydrodynamic Lubrication, Hydrostatic Lubrication, Nanoscale tribology, Interatomic Interactions, Atomic Force Microscope (AFM), Challenges of Tribological Testing at Small Scales, Tribological testing, Common Geometries, Instrumentation and Methods Used for Testing, Influences of Test Parameters, Applications/Case Studies, Sliding Contacts, Rolling Contacts, Bearing Design, Coating Selection. Optional topics include: Electric Contacts, Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS), Design of Tribological Surfaces, and Troubleshooting.

Semiconductor Materials and Processing (MSE 813)
Band theory, Essentials of the Free Electron Gas, Energy Gaps and General Band Structure, Band Structures and Standard Representations, Semiconductor physics, intrinsic properties in equilibrium; Doping, carrier, concentration, mobility, and conductivity, Junctions and devices, Fundamentals of optoelectronics, Materials and radiant recombination, Recombination and luminescence, Doping of compound semiconductors, Wavelength engineering; Light and semiconductors, Total efficiency of light generation, Absorption and emission of light, modulation doping, and quantum effects, Real heterojunctions, Quantum devices, Single and multiple quantum wells, Principles of the semiconductor LASER, LASER conditions; Interaction of light and electrons and inversion; Light amplification in semiconductors, from amplification to oscillation, Second Laser condition, Laser modes, Light emitting devices, Basic requirements and design principles; Products, market, materials, and technologies; Selected LED concepts, Optimizing light confinement and gain in Laser diodes,  Special Semiconductor, Siliconcarbide, Materials aspects and applications.

Solid State Chemistry and Crystallography (723)
Structure of complex materials, Crystallography, Structure determination of bulk Materials, Intermetallic phases, biomaterials, porous materials, silicates, metal organic frameworks, Real structure of solids, Disorder of bulk materials, Theory of real structures with crystallographic group theory, Experimental characterization of disordered materials, Preparative methods for bulk materials, Solid state reactions, Formation of solids from the gas phase, Formation of solids from melts, Preparation of inorganic polymers, Porous and nanostructured materials

Magnetic Materials: Physics and Applications (MSE 824)
Fundamentals of magnetism, Manifestations of magnetism, Magnetic anisotropies, Magnetization processes, Magnetic domains, Soft magnetic materials, Hard magnetic materials, Spin electronics and magnetic recording, Spin transfer torque effect and devices, Advanced magnetic domain observation techniques, Permanent magnet materials for sustainable energy, Magneto caloric materials, Electric field induced changes of magnetism, Manipulation of cells by magnetism, Magnetization dynamics, Micromagnetic calculations, Spin calorics, Biomagnetism

Smart Polymers (MSE 734)
Introduction to smart polymers, Chemical responding polymers, Thermoresponsive polymers, pH sensitive polymers, Electroactive polymers, Light responding polymers, Magnetic responsive polymers, Self-healing polymers, Multiple stimuli polymers, Smart polymer hydrogels, Polymers for drug release, Shape memory polymers,  Conductive polymers, Fire retardant polymers. Their design, structure, properties and characterization. Outlook for the future.

Advanced welding and Joining (MSE 843)
Gas metal arc welding, Advances in GMAW, Process measurements and control, Hybrid processes, Future trends, Tubular cored wire welding, principle, equipment, Advantages and disadvantages, Gas tungsten arc welding, keyhole GTAW process, Future developments, Laser beam welding, process, principle, Application of Laser beam welding, Laser output characteristics, Laser as a machine tool, New developments in Laser welding, Electron beam welding, Electron beam welding machine, Explosion welding, Developments in explosion welding, Capability and limitation, Ultrasonic metal welding, mechanics and metallurgy of ultrasonic welding.

Biomaterials (MSE 878)
Introduction to Biomaterials, Biocompatibility, biocompatibility issues of biomaterials, how to overcome these issues, Bio functionality, In vitro and in vivo testing, Tissue -biomaterial interactions, biological response with bio-materials, Metallic biomaterials, Organic biomaterials, Biomaterials processing and synthesis, Hydroxyapatite (HA) coatings, Materials selection for implants and prostheses, Dental materials, Orthodontic wires Shape memory alloys, Use of β-Titanium and Ni-Ti alloys as biomaterials, Corrosion and biodegradation of biomaterials, Stress shielding effect, how to overcome stress shielding effects Applications of biomaterials.

Chemical synthesis (MSE 889)
The main objective of this course to get understanding of various synthetic routs coupled with chemical modification methods such as alkylation, sulfonation, esterfication etc, also it covers development and modernization of lightweight materials such as x-aerogels, x-foam, x-nanofiber etc. for aerospace applications.

Note: Depending on the field subject specialization the DBGS can recommend the courses from the MS-list of courses or other relevant courses available in other departments of the IST.

Details of MS Courses

Aerospace Materials (MSE 711)
A brief review of the fundamentals of materials and their types.Physical, mechanical and environmental properties. Review of phase diagrams. Structure of atmosphere, its major regions with their temperature profiles.Characteristics of the space environments. Requirements for aerospace materials. Evaporation effects on materials in space. Lightweight materials and their alloys for aerospace applications. High strength steels, stainless steels, super alloys and composites. Structure-property relations.Materials for pressure vessels and cryogenic applications.Extremely high temperature materials.Ablatives and thermal barrier coatings. Adhesives, lubricants, elastomers and advanced polymeric, ceramic and metal matrix composites for aerospace applications. Metallurgical assessment of space craft parts and materials.Effects of radiations on the performance of materials.Failure analysis and selection of materials. 

Structure and Properties of Materials (MSE 621)
Structure of materials.Imperfections in structures.Dislocations and strengthening mechanisms. Study of macro, micro, nano and atomic structures. Phase transformation in metals. Principles of structure-property relationships of materials; control through processing. Alloy theory, phase diagrams and microstructural development; application to ferrous and nonferrous alloys. Structures and properties in other materials.Role of structure in cyclic loading and high temperature applications.Role of structure in interaction of materials with environment.Role of structure in physical properties of materials. 

Thermodynamics of Materials (MSE 622)
Thermodynamics review. Laws of thermodynamics; property relation; free energies; Maxwell relations; chemical potential; thermodynamic activity.Statistical thermodynamics.Defects in solids, Surfaces and interfaces.Solidification, metallic glasses, diffusion, atomic mechanisms of diffusion, high-diffusivity paths; diffusion in multiphase binary systems; diffusional transformations in solids, diffusionless transformations.

Advanced Characterization Techniques (MSE 631)

Modern methods of materials characterization. X-ray techniques, X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), Optical Microscopy and Spectroscopy, Ellipsometry, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman spectroscopy, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Scanning Probe Microscopy (SPM), Particle Beam Analysis, Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy (SIMS), Rutherford Backscattering Spectroscopy (RBS) 

Research Methodology (CSE 601)
Research design and planning.Research methods and tools.Data analaysis and interpretation.Research proposal.Literature review and report writing.Important steps in writing a technical paper.Thesis writing.Plagairism. 

Metals and Alloys (MSE 612)
Different methods of classification of steels, various phases and reactions in steel: ferrite reaction, bainite reaction, martensite formation. Alloy steels; effects of alloying elements. Stainless steels: ferritic, martensitic, austenitic, precipitation-hardening. HSLA steels, maraging steels, dual-phase steels, tool steels. Corrosion of stainless steels.Aluminum alloys. Magnesium alloys. Titanium alloys. Nickel-base superalloys.Nickel-iron-base superalloys.Cobalt-base superalloys. 

Ceramics and Glasses (MSE 613)
Bonding in ceramics; structure of ceramics; effect of chemical forces on physical properties; thermodynamics and kinetic considerations; defects in ceramics; diffusion and electrical conductivity; phase equilibria; formation, structure and properties of glasses, sintering and mechanical properties. Fracture, creep and fatigue. Thermal properties; dielectric properties; magnetic and nonlinear dielectric properties, optical properties. 

Polymer Engineering (MSE 614)
Control and design of structure and molecular weight.Determination of molecular weight. Step growth process. Chain polymerization.Copolymerization.Stereoregularity of polymers, Polymerization processes, Morphology and Properties. Polymer testing.Polymer structure and stability.Hydrogels and dendrimers. 

Composites (MSE 615)
Historical background of composites; classification and general properties.Role of the constituent materials in composite manufacturing, i.e. matrices and reinforcements; their types, production and properties.Polymeric matrix composites (PMCs). Metal matrix composites (MMCs). Ceramic matrix composites (CMCs).General manufacturing techniques of PMCs, MMCs and CMCs and their principles.Special purpose composites.Fiber-matrix Interface and interphase, and their role in tailoring the properties of composites. Interface mechanics and toughness. Design and analysis of composites.Elastic, thermal and physical properties.Thermal stresses in composites.Applications of composites.Joining techniques for composites.Machining of composites. Special structures in composite manufacturing; light weight structural cores; honeycomb cores, foams. Hybrid composites.The emerging field of nanocomposites.Composite materials as surface coatings.Testing of composites: constituent material testing, testing of lamina and laminate.Mechanical testing of composites.Full-scale structural testing.Non-destructive testing of composites.Failure analysis of composites.Recycling and disposal of composites. 

Preform Technology for Composites (MSE 845)
Introduction to composites reinforcements, One-dimensional preforms, Two-dimensional preforms, Random fiber preforms, Preforms based on uni-directional layers, Woven reinforcements, braided reinforcements, Knittted reinforcements, Solid three-dimensional preforms, Sandwich preforms, Preform architecture and mechanical behaviour of reinforcements/preforms, General approach to modeling of mechanical properties of reinforced composites, Representative volume element (unit cell) of composites, description of the unit cell geometry as a starting point for prediction of mechanical properties 

Materials for Solar Energy (MSE 642)
The energy problem: causes, scope and scale. Solar Cells.Solar spectrum. Basic semiconductor physics: electron and hole energy bands; p-n junctions; photovoltaic effect, solar cell operation and characteristics; fill factor, efficiency; materials issues in solar cells; emerging solar cell technology; photovoltaic systems; grid tied versus battery backup; assessing energy resources. 

Materials for Energy and Environment (MSE 643)
Environment catastrophes; sustainability, timescales, length-scales and units.Energy.Solar energy.Energy balance of the earth and the greenhouse effect.The earth system. Global warming; steam engines; electric engines; combustion engines and the electric car; nuclear energy; fusion and nuclear fuels; biomass and biofuels; consumption; thermal energy and heating; hydrogen and energy storage; energy and food; energy and water; geothermal energy; tide and wave energy; ozone layer. 

Mechanical Behaviour of Materials (MSE 731)
Review of types of materials; elastic, linear elastic and visco-elastic materials. Stresses/strains, elastic and plastic deformation.Plastic deformation of a single and polycrystalline materials; slip and twinning. Tensile, compression, torsion, bend, impact and fracture toughness testing. Hall-Petch relation, spectrum of strain rate and its effect on the flow properties of materials. Strain hardening, strain rate sensitivity coefficients, anisotropy and R-value determination. Defects and imperfections in a single and polycrystalline materials; dislocations and their interactions. Plane stress and plane strain conditions; stress intensity factor, failure and fracture modes. Griffith and Orowan theory of fracture. Fatigue, creep and stress rupture. Nobaroo-Herring and Coble creep. Super-plasticity, radiation damage and embrittlement. 

Electronic and Magnetic Properties of Materials (MSE 724)
Semiconductors; binary and tertiary semiconductor materials; single crystal growth techniques; doping profiles; VLSI technology; magnetic moment; classification of magnetic materials; magnetization curves; domain theory; soft and hard magnetic materials; magnetic materials processing; cast and sintered magnets; magnetostriction; metallic and ceramic magnets. 

Processing of Materials (MSE 842)
Introduction to materials processing science with emphasis on heat transfer, chemical diffusion and fluid flow. Synthesis and production of materials with engineered microstructures for desired properties. High temperature, aqueous, and electrochemical processing; thermal and mechanical processing of metals and alloys; casting and solidification; diffusion, microstructural evolution, and phase transformations; modification and processing of surfaces and interfaces; deposition of thin films; solid state shape forming; powder consolidation; joining of materials.

Nanotechnology (MSE 712)
Introduction.Moore’s Law.Richard Feynman prediction.Size dependent properties at nanoscale. Molecular nanotechnology, Top-down and bottom-up approach; size dependence on properties; materials and processes; silicon technology; semiconductor grade Silicon; silicon single crystal growth and wafer production; photolithography; Soft-lithography; clean room; impact of nanotechnology; impact of nanotechnology on information technology, materials and manufacturing, health and medicine, energy, environment, transportation, security and space exploration. Quantum mechanics and nanotechnology. Thin film technology. Bio-Inspired nanotechnology. Impact of nanomaterials.Ethics and dangers of Nanotechnology. 

Nano-Materials Engineering (MSE 744)
Synthesis and characterization of nanoparticles, nanocomposites and other materials with nanoscale features.Nanofabrication techniques. Zero-dimensional nanoparticles. One-dimensional nanostructures e.g. nanotubes, nanorods, nanowires and nanofibers.Two dimensional thin films. Design and properties of devices based on nanotechnology. Importance of nanostructured materials. Structure-property-processing relationship in nanomaterials and uses in electronics, photonics, magnetic applications.

Thin Film Technology (MSE 641)
Review of vacuum science and technology. Methods of preparation of thin films: electrolytic deposition; cathodic and anodic films, physical vapour deposition. The physics and chemistry of thermal evaporation. Film thicknesses; uniformity and purity, Evaporation hardware and techniques, Glow discharges and Plasmas; sputtering, sputtering processes; laser ablation hybrid and modified PVD processes; chemical vapour deposition: reaction types, thermodynamics of CVD, gas transport, growth kinetics, CVD processes and system. Growth and structure of films; atomistic nucleation processes; post-nucleation growth; film structures; structural aspects of epitaxial films; lattice misfit and imperfection in epitaxial films; Epitaxial Film growth and characterization; amorphous thin films. 

Electron Microscopy (MSE 632)
Basic principles of imaging and diffraction, basic principles of electron beam interactions and electron microscopy; lenses and defects; radiation damage; Instrument maintenance; sample preparation and processing; STEM imaging, environmental SEM, elemental analysis.

Spectroscopic Methods (MSE 631)
Atomic absorption spectroscopy, UV-VIS spectroscopy, mass spectroscopy, Infrared and Raman spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, photoelectron and Auger electron spectroscopy, XPS. 

Extraction of Materials (MSE 841)
Thermochemistry, chemical Equilibrium, melts and solutions, reaction kinetics, reactor design, phase Separation, fuel and ore preparation, reduction of metal oxides, smelting, refining processes, rare and reactive Metals, ferroalloys, hydrometallurgy, electrometallurgy, enthalpies of formation at 25C, enthalpy increments above 25C, standard Gibbs energies of formation and evaporation. 

Electrochemistry and Corrosion (MSE 625)
Electrochemical Concept of Corrosion, Faradaic and Non-Faradaic Processes, Electrical Double Layer, Corrosion Cells, Corrosion Processes, Corrosion circuit, Cathodic and Anodic Reactions, Formation of Solid Products and their importance. Electrochemical Thermodynamics and Kinetics including charge transfer, polarization and mixed electrodes, Interface Potential Difference and Half-Cell, Nernst-Equation, Pourbaix Diagrams. Types of corrosion and their mechanisms, Galvanic Coupling, Corrosion of Active-Passive Metals and Alloys, Anodic Polarization and Passivity, Influence of Environmental Variables. Corrosion Rate Measurements, Tafel Analysis, Polarization Resistance, Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy, Cyclic Polarization Scans. Corrosion of welded structures and case studies. 

Fracture Mechanics (MSE 831)
Fundamental concepts of fracture mechanics and their applications, concepts of elastic-plastic fracture mechanics, dynamic and time-dependent fracture aspects, fracture mechanisms in metals, fracture toughness testing of metals, fatigue crack propagation, environmentally assisted cracking in metals and computational fracture mechanics. 

Fractography and Fracture Analysis (MSE 832)
Engineering aspects of fracture and failure analysis, mechanical and metallurgical causes of failure, failure modes, characterization of fractured surface, macroscopic and microscopic features of fracture, fatigue, creep and corrosion assisted / induced failures, fractography, selected case histories and failure prevention methods. 

Semiconductors (MSE 713)
Energy band and carrier concentration in thermal equilibrium, carrier transport phenomenon, semiconductor devices: PH junction, Bipolar transistor and related devices, MOSFET and related devices, MESFET and related devices, Microwave diodes, quantum-effect and hot-electron devices, photonic devices 

Solid State Physics (MSE 623)
Crystal vibrations, thermal properties, free electron Fermi gas, energy bands, Fermi surface and metals, superconductivity, diamagnetic and paramagnetism, ferromagnetism and antiferromagnetism, Magnetic resonances, Plasmon’s, Polaritons and Polarons, Optical Processes and Excitons, Dielectrics and Ferroelectrics, Surface and Interface Physics, Non crystalline solids, point defects, Dislocations, alloys 

Advanced Engineering Mathematics (MAT 715)
Vector Calculus, Coordinate system transformation, Power series solution, Special functions, Bessel functions, Legendre polynomials, Laplace and inverse transforms, Solution of linear differential equations by the Laplace transform method, Introduction to PDE’s, Functions of many variables and their geometries 

Finite Element Methods (AAE 732)

Introduction to Finite Element Methods (FEM), mathematics preliminaries, truss analysis, variational and weighted residual formulations, general approach to structural analysis, efficient representation of computational meshes, efficient computation of the element tensor (element stiffness matrix), tensor representation of multilinear forms, Stress analysis for one and two dimensional problems of structures, beam analysis, and ANSYS software for FEA analysis
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