Structure and Properties of Materials
Thermodynamics of Materials
Advanced Characterization Techniques
Materials (MSE 711)
brief review of the fundamentals of materials and their types. Physical, mechanical
and environmental properties. Review of phase diagrams. Structure of
atmosphere, its major regions with their temperature profiles. Characteristics
of the space environments. Requirements for aerospace materials. Evaporation
effects on materials in space. Lightweight materials and their alloys for
aerospace applications. High strength steels, stainless steels, super alloys
and composites. Structure-property relations. Materials for pressure vessels
and cryogenic applications. Extremely high temperature materials. Ablatives and
thermal barrier coatings. Adhesives, lubricants, elastomers and advanced
polymeric, ceramic and metal matrix composites for aerospace applications.
Metallurgical assessment of space craft parts and materials. Effects of
radiations on the performance of materials. Failure analysis and selection of
Properties of Materials (MSE 621)
Structure of materials. Imperfections
in structures. Dislocations and strengthening mechanisms. Study of macro,
micro, nano and atomic structures. Phase transformation in metals. Principles
of structure-property relationships of materials; control through processing. Alloy
theory, phase diagrams and microstructural development; application to ferrous
and nonferrous alloys. Structures and properties in other materials. Role of
structure in cyclic loading and high temperature applications. Role of
structure in interaction of materials with environment. Role of structure in
physical properties of materials.
Materials (MSE 622)
review. Laws of thermodynamics; property relation; free energies; Maxwell
relations; chemical potential; thermodynamic activity. Statistical
thermodynamics. Defects in solids, Surfaces and interfaces. Solidification, metallic
glasses, diffusion, atomic mechanisms of diffusion, high-diffusivity paths; diffusion
in multiphase binary systems; diffusional transformations in solids, diffusionless
Characterization Techniques (MSE 631)
methods of materials characterization. X-ray techniques, X-ray diffraction
(XRD), X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), Optical Microscopy and
Spectroscopy, Ellipsometry, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR),
Raman spectroscopy, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Transmission Electron
Microscopy (TEM), Scanning Probe Microscopy (SPM), Particle Beam Analysis,
Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy (SIMS), Rutherford Backscattering Spectroscopy
Methodology (CSE 601)
design and planning. Research methods and tools. Data analaysis and
interpretation. Research proposal. Literature review and report writing.
Important steps in writing a technical paper. Thesis writing. Plagairism.
Metals and Alloys
methods of classification of steels, various phases and reactions in steel:
ferrite reaction, bainite reaction, martensite formation. Alloy steels; effects
of alloying elements. Stainless steels: ferritic, martensitic, austenitic, precipitation-hardening.
HSLA steels, maraging steels, dual-phase steels, tool steels. Corrosion of stainless
steels. Aluminum alloys. Magnesium alloys. Titanium alloys. Nickel-base
superalloys. Nickel-iron-base superalloys. Cobalt-base superalloys.
Glasses (MSE 613)
in ceramics; structure of ceramics; effect of chemical forces on physical
properties; thermodynamics and kinetic considerations; defects in ceramics;
diffusion and electrical conductivity; phase equilibria; formation, structure
and properties of glasses, sintering and mechanical properties. Fracture, creep
and fatigue. Thermal properties; dielectric properties; magnetic and nonlinear
dielectric properties, optical properties.
Engineering (MSE 614)
and design of structure and molecular weight. Determination of molecular
weight. Step growth process. Chain polymerization. Copolymerization.
Stereoregularity of polymers, Polymerization processes, Morphology and
Properties. Polymer testing. Polymer structure and stability. Hydrogels and
background of composites; classification and general properties. Role of the constituent materials
in composite manufacturing, i.e. matrices and reinforcements; their types,
production and properties. Polymeric matrix
composites (PMCs). Metal matrix composites (MMCs). Ceramic matrix composites
(CMCs). General manufacturing techniques of PMCs, MMCs and CMCs and their
principles. Special purpose composites. Fiber-matrix
Interface and interphase, and their role in tailoring the properties of composites.
Interface mechanics and toughness. Design and analysis of composites. Elastic,
thermal and physical properties. Thermal stresses in composites. Applications
of composites. Joining
techniques for composites. Machining of composites. Special structures in composite manufacturing; light weight structural
cores; honeycomb cores, foams. Hybrid composites. The emerging field
of nanocomposites. Composite materials as surface coatings. Testing of
composites: constituent material testing, testing of lamina and laminate.
Mechanical testing of composites. Full-scale structural testing.
Non-destructive testing of composites. Failure analysis of composites.
Recycling and disposal of composites.
for Composites (MSE 745)
to composites reinforcements, One-dimensional preforms, Two-dimensional
preforms, Random fibre preforms, Preforms based on uni-directional layers,
Woven reinforcements, braided reinforcements, Knittted reinforcements, Solid
three-dimensional preforms, Sandwich preforms, Preform architecture and
mechanical behaviour of reinforcements/preforms, General approach to modeling
of mechanical properties of reinforced composites, Representative volume
element (unit cell) of composites, description of the unit cell geometry as a starting
point for prediction of mechanical properties
Solar Energy (MSE 642)
energy problem: causes, scope and scale. Solar Cells. Solar spectrum. Basic
semiconductor physics: electron and hole energy bands; p-n junctions; photovoltaic
effect, solar cell operation and characteristics; fill factor, efficiency; materials
issues in solar cells; emerging solar cell technology; photovoltaic systems; grid
tied versus battery backup; assessing energy resources.
Energy and Environment (MSE 643)
catastrophes; sustainability, timescales, length-scales and units. Energy.
Solar energy. Energy balance of the earth and the greenhouse effect. The earth system.
Global warming; steam engines; electric engines; combustion engines and the electric
car; nuclear energy; fusion and nuclear fuels; biomass and biofuels; consumption;
thermal energy and heating; hydrogen and energy storage; energy and food; energy
and water; geothermal energy; tide and wave energy; ozone layer.
Behaviour of Materials (MSE 731)
of types of materials; elastic, linear elastic and visco-elastic materials.
Stresses/strains, elastic and plastic deformation. Plastic deformation of a single
and polycrystalline materials; slip and twinning. Tensile, compression,
torsion, bend, impact and fracture toughness testing. Hall-Petch relation,
spectrum of strain rate and its effect on the flow properties of materials.
Strain hardening, strain rate sensitivity coefficients, anisotropy and R-value
determination. Defects and imperfections in a single and polycrystalline
materials; dislocations and their interactions. Plane stress and plane strain
conditions; stress intensity factor, failure and fracture modes. Griffith and
Orowan theory of fracture. Fatigue, creep and stress rupture. Nobaroo-Herring
and Coble creep. Super-plasticity, radiation damage and embrittlement.
Magnetic Properties of Materials (MSE 724)
binary and tertiary semiconductor materials; single crystal growth techniques;
doping profiles; VLSI technology; magnetic moment; classification of magnetic
materials; magnetization curves; domain theory; soft and hard magnetic
materials; magnetic materials processing; cast and sintered magnets; magnetostriction;
metallic and ceramic magnets.
Materials (MSE 842)
to materials processing science with emphasis on heat transfer, chemical
diffusion and fluid flow. Synthesis and production of materials with engineered
microstructures for desired properties. High temperature, aqueous, and
electrochemical processing; thermal and mechanical processing of metals and
alloys; casting and solidification; diffusion, microstructural evolution, and
phase transformations; modification and processing of surfaces and interfaces;
deposition of thin films; solid state shape forming; powder consolidation;
joining of materials.
Moore’s Law. Richard Feynman prediction. Size dependent properties at nanoscale.
Molecular nanotechnology, Top-down and bottom-up approach; size dependence on properties;
materials and processes; silicon technology; semiconductor grade Silicon; silicon
single crystal growth and wafer production; photolithography; Soft-lithograhy; clean
room; impact of nanotechnology; impact of nanotechnology on information
technology, materials and manufacturing, health and medicine, energy,
environment, transportation, security and space exploration. Quantum mechanics
and nanotechnology. Thin film technology. Bio-Inspired nanotechnology. Impact
of nanomaterials. Ethics and dangers of Nanotechnology.
Engineering (MSE 744)
and characterization of nanoparticles, nanocomposites and other materials with
nanoscale features. Nanofabrication techniques. Zero-dimensional nanoparticles.
One-dimensional nanostructures e.g. nanotubes, nanorods, nanowires and
nanofibers. Two dimensional thin films. Design and properties of devices based
on nanotechnology. Importance of nanostructured materials. Structure-property-processing
relationship in nanomaterials and uses in electronics, photonics, magnetic
Technology (MSE 641)
of vacuum science and technology. Methods of preparation of thin films: electrolytic
deposition; cathodic and anodic films, physical vapor deposition. The physics
and chemistry of thermal evaporation. Film thicknesses; uniformity and purity,
Evaporation hardware and techniques, Glow discharges and Plasmas; sputtering, sputtering
processes; laser ablation hybrid and modified PVD processes; chemical vapor
deposition: reaction types, thermodynamics of CVD, gas transport, growth kinetics,
CVD processes and system. Growth and structure of films; atomistic nucleation
processes; post-nulceation growth; film structures; structural aspects of epitaxial
films; lattice misfit and imperfection in epitaxial films; Epitaxial Film
growth and characterization; amorphous thin films.
Microscopy (MSE 632)
principles of imaging and diffraction, basic principles of electron beam
interactions and electron microscopy; lenses and defects; radiation damage;
Instrument maintenance; sample preparation and processing; STEM imaging,
environmental SEM, elemental analysis.
Methods (MSE 631)
absorption spectroscopy, UV-VIS spectroscopy, mass spectroscopy, Infrared and
Raman spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, photoelectron and
Auger electron spectroscopy, XPS.
Materials (MSE 841)
Thermochemistry, chemical Equilibrium, melts and solutions, reaction kinetics, reactor design, phase Separation, fuel and ore preparation, reduction of metal oxides, smelting, refining processes, rare and reactive Metals, ferroalloys, hydrometallurgy, electrometallurgy, enthalpies of formation at 25C, enthalpy increments above 25C, standard Gibbs energies of formation and evaporation.
and Corrosion (MSE 625)
Electrochemical Concept of Corrosion, Faradaic and
Non-Faradaic Processes, Electrical Double Layer, Corrosion Cells, Corrosion
Processes, Corrosion circuit, Cathodic and Anodic Reactions, Formation of Solid
Products and their importance. Electrochemical Thermodynamics and Kinetics
including charge transfer, polarization and mixed electrodes, Interface
Potential Difference and Half-Cell, Nernst-Equation, Pourbaix Diagrams. Types
of corrosion and their mechanisms, Galvanic Coupling, Corrosion of Active-Passive
Metals and Alloys, Anodic Polarization and Passivity, Influence of
Environmental Variables. Corrosion Rate Measurements, Tafel Analysis,
Polarization Resistance, Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy, Cyclic
Polarization Scans. Corrosion of welded structures and Micro-Biological
Corrosion with case studies.
Mechanics (MSE 831)
concepts of fracture mechanics and their applications, concepts of
elastic-plastic fracture mechanics, dynamic and time-dependent fracture
aspects, fracture mechanisms in metals, fracture toughness testing of metals,
fatigue crack propagation, environmentally assisted cracking in metals and
computational fracture mechanics.
and Fracture Analysis (MSE 832)
aspects of fracture and failure analysis, mechanical and metallurgical causes
of failure, failure modes, characterization of fractured surface, macroscopic
and microscopic features of fracture, fatigue, creep and corrosion assisted /
induced failures, fractography, selected case histories and failure prevention
Semiconductors (MSE 713)
band and carrier concentration in thermal equilibrium, carrier transport
phenomenon, semiconductor devices: PH junction, Bipolar transistor and related
devices, MOSFET and related devices, MESFET and related devices, Microwave
diodes, quantum-effect and hot-electron devices, photonic devices
Physics (MSE 623)
vibrations, thermal properties, free electron Fermi gas, energy bands, Fermi
surface and metals, superconductivity, diamagnetic and paramagnetism,
ferromagnetism and antiferromagnetism, Magnetic resonances, Plasmon’s,
Polaritons and Polarons, Optical Processes and Excitons, Dielectrics and
Ferroelectrics, Surface and Interface Physics, Non crystalline solids, point
defects, Dislocations, alloys
Engineering Mathematics (MAT 715)
Calculus, Coordinate system transformation, Power series solution, Special
functions, Bessel functions, Legendre polynomials, Laplace and inverse
transforms, Solution of linear differential equations by the Laplace transform
method, Introduction to PDE’s, Functions of many variables and their geometries
Methods (AAE 732)
to Finite Element Methods (FEM), mathematics preliminaries, truss analysis,
variational and weighted residual formulations, general approach to structural
analysis, efficient representation of computational meshes, efficient
computation of the element tensor (element stiffness matrix), tensor
representation of multilinear forms, Stress analysis for one and two
dimensional problems of structures, beam analysis, and ANSYS software for FEA